The City of Los Angeles Increases Paid Sick Leave Benefits
Important Legal Update for Employers:
The City of L.A. enacted an ordinance requiring 48 hours of paid sick leave per year, doubling California’s recent sick pay law. It was enacted as an amendment to the City’s minimum wage ordinance.
Unlike the state law which contains exceptions for certain occupations such as construction workers, certain home health workers, flight crews and workers covered by union agreements, the L.A. ordinance contains no exceptions. Employers with 26 or more employees must comply by July 1, 2016. Employers with 25 or less employees must comply by July 1, 2017. The size of the employer is determined by the average number of employees during the previous calendar year.
“Employee” is defined as all individuals who perform two (2) or more hours per week within the geographic boundaries of the City for the same employer for 30 days or more. The definition of “employer” includes “a corporate officer or executive, who directly or indirectly or through an agent or other person, including the services of a temporary service or staffing agency or similar entity, employs or exercises control over the wages, hours or working conditions” of any employee. Thus, corporate officers and executives may be individually liable for noncompliance.
Paid sick leave accrues on the first day of employment and may be used beginning on the 90th day. Employers may either grant a lump sum (“front-load”) of paid sick leave or have it accrue at the rate of one (1) hour of sick leave for every 30 hours worked. However, the state law has additional accrual options not allowed by the L.A. ordinance. Further, under the front-load approach, state law provides that there is no carry over of unused sick time. The L.A. ordinance holds that up to 72 hours must carry over year to year but it does not state whether this carry over requirement applies to front-load plans.
Like state law, unused sick leave need not be paid out upon separation. If an employee separates and is rehired within one (1) year, any unused sick time must be reinstated. Unlike, state law, the L.A. ordinance does not have an exception to reinstatement if paid sick leave was paid out upon separation, i.e., under a PTO policy.
Employees may use paid sick leave to care for themselves or a family member. The definition of “family member” is greatly expanded to include not only children (biological, adopted, step and loco parentis), siblings, spouses, registered domestic partners, parents, grandparents and grandchildren, but also “any individual related by blood or affinity whose close association with the employee is the equivalent of a family member.” The ordinance does not state whether or how an employer can verify family equivalency.
On a positive note, if an employer “has a paid leave or paid time off policy or provides payment for compensated time off, that is equal to or no less than 48 hours, no additional time is required.”
The ordinance does not address advance notice for using paid sick leave but does allow an employer to require “reasonable” documentation of a sick leave absence.
The Office of Wage Standards of the Bureau of Contract Administration is the designated administrative/enforcement agency of the new ordinance. Hopefully, it will issue guidelines how to comply with the new ordinance. In the meantime, employers should review and revise their current policies as needed. Contact Stone | Dean’s Employment Law Practice Group for assistance.